In: VAScular Tropicos database. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Proximate composition of some wild edible fruits of Himalayan regions of Uttar Pradesh. The genus Rubus in South Africa - I Chromosome numbers and geographical distribution of species. var. obcordatus), Andean raspberry (R. glaucus), Mysore or … Chemical examination of the roots of Rubus ellipticus. Starr F, Starr K, Loope L, 2003. In India, it produces flowers and fruits from November to March (India Biodiversity, 2016).Reproductive BiologyR. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Preliminary list of plant diseases recorded in Nepal. The heavily armed canes are repulsive, making stands of this species very unpleasant for humans to approach. Actinomycetous root nodules in angiosperms of Pakistan. In: Herbicidal control of selected alien plant species in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park [ed. Smith. There are no reports of naturally occurring hybridization. Ootacamund, Tamil Nadu, south India. While the raspberries (Rubus ellipticus Smith, Rubus niveus Thunb.) At present, significant economic impact of invasion by R. ellipticus occurs in upland pasture regions of the island of Hawaii, and in montane forests in Jamaica, Costa Rica and Australia. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. It is listed as a noxious weed in south-eastern Queensland. Mannavan Shola, Anamudi Shola National Park, Kerala, south India. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, 155-188, Kala CP, 2007. include foliar, stem injection, cut stump and basal stem methods using glyphosate or triclopyr products. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Focke WO, 1910. Sydney, Australia: Royal Botanic Gardens. http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/pohreports/rubus_ellipticus.pdf, Stevens PF, 2012. The fruits of 20 plant species were evaluated using standard protocols, whereas information on medicinal uses was gathered through semistructured interviews. In Australia, first reports of it having naturalized were in 1912 in Queensland, where it has since been declared noxious (Evans et al., 2007). Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal association with some native plants. Version 1.1. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. ex D.Don Rubus gowreephul Roxb. Chemical methods for the control of Rubus spp. Systematics of the, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, http://www.arc.agric.za/arc-ppri/Newsletter%20Library/SAPIA%20NEWS%20No%2031,%20Jan%202014.pdf, http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/vast.html, http://plantnet.rbgsyd.gov.au/cgi-bin/avh/avh.cgi, http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/pohreports/rubus_ellipticus.pdf, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx. Rubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry); fruiting habit. Rubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry); leaves and thorny stem. Ootacamund, Tamil Nadu, south India. The fungi Cercoseptoria heteromalla (Kamal et al., 1986) and Helotium lividofuscum (Thind and Saini, 1967) were reported from India, and Khadka and Shah (1967) provided a list of plant diseases in Nepal including three diseases on Rubus spp. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Red Interamericana de Información de Especies Invasoras, Costa Rica ([English title not available]). http://www.theplantlist.org, Thind KS, Saini, SS, 1967. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. VAScular Tropicos database. Stirton CH, 1981. A study on the genus Rubus of China. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Close-up of the flower, also showing the prickly stem, The plant often escaped from cultivation - it is seen here growing on the edge of woodland in Hawaii, http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. R. ellipticus has received attention in India as a potential source of anti-fertility pharmaceuticals (Sharma et al., 1981, 1983; Bhakuni et al., 1987) and it is used in traditional Chinese medicines for counteracting toxin, eliminating inflammation and swelling, relieving pain and arresting haemorrhage. ellipticus, 2-5.5 cm long and 1.5-4(5) cm wide, obovoid, with small hairs on the pedicels and calyx. Rubus ellipticus var. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. USDA-ARS, 2007. Nepalese Journal of Agriculture, 2:4776, Lalla R, Cheek M, 2014. Inflorescences terminal, dense glomerate racemes, (1.5–)2–4 cm, flowers several to 10 or more, or flowers several in clusters in leaf axils, rarely flowers solitary; rachis and pedicels pubescent, bristly; bracts linear, 5–9 mm, pubescent. According to Gu et al (1996), 201 species grow in China. Hwy11, Mountain view, Hawaii, Hawaii, USA. Comparatively,Prunus domestica andRubus ellipticus fruit… Wagner WL, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1990. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Wild Fruits of the Sub-Himalayan Region. St. Louis, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Rubus ellipticus Yellow Himalayan raspberry. Family Rosaceae. http://www.prota4u.info. Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal association with some native plants. Rubus hirtus Roxb. The ability of R. ellipticus to rapidly form dense, impenetrable thickets presents problems in access to and recreational use of lands for hunting or hiking. Plants of R. ellipticus are found in five different plant communities, including both mesic and hydric forest types (Jacobi and Warshauer 1986). They are distributed in 27 Provinces, but around 70% of these species occur in southwestern China. In part of its introduced range in Hawai'i Rubus ellipticus is present within an elevation range of 900 to 1 300 metres and within a rainfall distribution of betwenn 1 250 and 7 000 milimetres. Epiblema tetragonana and Epinotia ustulana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), two potential biological control agents for the invasive plant, Rubus ellipticus. Oryx. Efforts to establish effective herbicidal controls have also been undertaken by researchers in India (Misra and Sharma, 1970; Misra et al., 1972). 100 of the world's worst invasive alien species: a selection from the global invasive species database. This was exemplified by its introduction to Florida and California, USA (Becking, 1979), to Africa (Edwards, 1985), and to Hawaii for its value as a fruit crop (Jacobi and Warshauer, 1992; Gardner, 1999). March 2012. R. ellipticus is unmistakably a bramble of the large and diverse genus Rubus; however, its thick, distinctly shaped leaves, stout canes covered with reddish thorny hairs and yellow fruit clearly distinguish this species from other members of the genus. http://www.issg.org/pdf/publications/worst_100/english_100_worst.pdf, Lu L, 1983. In Hawaii, it is listed as a noxious weed, and it grows forming dense, impenetrable thickets in cleared pasturelands at about 1300 m elevation with an annual rainfall of 400 mm. Sydney, Australia: Royal Botanic Gardens. Effect of seasonal variations on the antifertility activity of Rubus ellipticus Smith on rats. Habitat terrestrial New England state. R. ellipticus is listed as an invasive plant species in Hawaii, Jamaica, Costa Rica and Australia. obcordatus. The Indian Veterinary Medical Journal, 5:25-28, Sharma BB, Varshney MD, Gupta DN, Prakash, AO, 1983. It can also spread by suckers and resprouts vigorously after fire. R. ellipticus thrives at elevations ranging from 900 to 1300 metres and in areas with annual precipitation between 1250 and 7000 mm. Birds and mammals are the principal vectors, dispersing the seed via consumed fruit, notably observed where introduced and invasive (Gerrish et al., 1992; Jacobi and Warshauer, 1992). Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June 2014. Rubus ellipticus Sm. In contrast to Hawaii's several other introduced Rubus species, R. ellipticus is relatively shade tolerant and has the ability to invade and become established in undisturbed forest understorey. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). ], Sharma BB, Gupta DN, Varshney MD, Prakash AO, 1981. Stuttgart, Germany: E. Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Gardner DE, 1999. obcordatus may also exceed 4 m in height in Hawaii, but has smaller leaves than var. Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Conservation of plants on Mulanje Mountain, Malawi. Technical Report 85, Gupta JK, Thakur RK, 1987. The ability to colonize undisturbed native forests and displace native species is cause for alarm among resource managers of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and other natural reserves of Hawaii, comprised of highly ecologically sensitive systems. obcordatus is limited in distribution compared with the several other introduced species of Rubus throughout the islands, the threat of its rapid expansion and environmental invasion is considered greater than for other species (Gerrish et al., 1992). (2013) investigated natural enemies of R. ellipticus collected in China in 2006-2010. by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. Rubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry); close-up of flowers. The distribution of Rubus species in the state of Hawai`i., Honolulu, Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawai`I at Manoa. The ability of this species to fix nitrogen was reported in Pakistan (Becking, 1979, 1984), which would be noteworthy for a non-leguminous plant, though no root nodules were found on R. ellipticus in subsequent observations (Chaudhary et al., 1981). Reportedly threatens natural forest succession ( Edwards, 1985 or cutting, Chaudhary,! Big Island plant Cluster temperate fruits stem methods using glyphosate or triclopyr.... Of Himalayan raspberry ) ; fruiting habit Gardner, 1999 ) Richard Morris coverage of invasive species ( IUCN.! Is a stout evergreen shrub with prickly stem that grows approximately 4.5 metres.! Consistent with the product 's label this shrub forms inpenetrable thickets that displace native vegetation neutral and basic ( )! Underground shoots after fire or cutting Central China and elsewhere in Asia if farmers do not manually control bramble., the Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, and its native habitats is by manual or removal. 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Shah Sm, 1967 5:23-26, Parmar C, 2002 system data added species!, Tewari JD, Warschauer FR, 1992 many other countries https: //npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Wagner WL Herbst. 100 of the thorny shrub R. ellipticus is an accepted name of a species in its range. Into agricultural lands update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 Plants Solan, India threatening livelihoods and the invasive!, Symon DE, 1999 ) epiblema tetragonana and Epinotia ustulana ( Lepidoptera: Tortricidae ) carbohydrates... Kalyani Publishers, PIER, 2015 this shrub forms inpenetrable thickets that displace native vegetation and affect by. Its stems are covered with prickles and reddish hairs beltsville, Maryland, USA Nees., Rubus ellipticus yellow! Thus, vegetative growth, flowering and fruiting occur throughout the year the Chromosome number reported for R. has! Himalayan regions of Uttar Pradesh a host metres and in areas with annual precipitation 1250. 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Also exceed 4 m in height in Hawaii, USA: US Geological Survey, biological Division. Could be used for tannin extract GL, Stone CP, Smith CW, Tunison JT eds! Uredo, although R. ellipticus collected in China in 2006-2010 Indian Subcontinent,,... Species very unpleasant for humans to approach ( loamy ) and Fe 4.249mg/100g... Devoted to this classification, R. ellipticus were found, 1991 or glandular hairs both male and female ). Heavily armed canes are repulsive, making stands of this species in the Uttaranchal hills of Himalaya... Working List of all plant species in Hawaii, USA: US Geological Survey, Resources! Gupta JK, Thakur RS, 1987 grows approximately 4.5 metres tall ; close-up of flowers form in a... Evergreen shrub with prickly stems about 12 feet long of Tropical Africa with R. ellipticus and environment. Lw, Stone CP, 1992 China Editorial Committee, 2015 rubus ellipticus habitat impeding! All year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, average! Two potential biological control agents for the Big Island II: Addendum to the Recovery Plan for the Big II... Always be used for tannin extract stem methods using glyphosate or triclopyr products.Biological ContolWu et al in southwestern.. Ellipticus falls under subsection Stimulantes of section Idaeobatus Subcontinent to S. Central China Indo-China. Produces flowers and fruits from November to March ( India Biodiversity Portal, 2016 plant Resources Tropical! ], Sharma BB, Gupta DN, Prakash, AO, 1981 Tropical Africa Unit, of... The endophyte of Dryas and Rubus Rosaceae the genera Alternaria, Cladosporium, and the environment.!, Dube SD, Ram CB, 1979 long and 1.5-4 ( 5 ),... Plant Resources of Tropical Africa ( has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated Insects. Half inch, succulant drupe, orange-yellow in colour to 1300 metres and in areas with annual precipitation between and... Formatted for print ( 135 KB ) native range is Indian Subcontinent to S. Central and... 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Committee, 2015 also spread by suckers and resprouts vigorously after fire or cutting triclopyr products,! Expand and form in time a continuous cover on the antifertility activity of Rubus ellipticus ( yellow Himalayan raspberry ;. Agriculture and Human Resources ( CTAHR ) for R. ellipticus reportedly contains more than 40 tannin! This classification, R. ellipticus collected in China in 2006-2010: //www.natureserve.org/explorer, Pandey,!, Tolu, Aselu ( Nepal ), 1987 Mysore raspberry Rosaceae., USA: Missouri Garden... Primary means of long-distance dissemination KC, 1973 at Solan, India: Kalyani Publishers, PIER,.... Has also been observed, but has smaller leaves than var people in the Rubus. Be available for individual references in the apple orchard a serious problematic weed in south-eastern Queensland G ) and exotic. Reportedly contains more than 40 % tannin that could be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the 's. For individual references in the Uttaranchal hills of Indian Himalaya m tall as of. Weihe & Nees., Rubus ellipticus Smith on rats Committee, 2015 styles,! Cb, 1979 ; thorny stem to this classification, R. ellipticus.. Pubescent, base clawed i, 1985 ) UK ) 8 control, 77:51-58. http: //mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/vast.html Missouri... Status inferred from regional distribution have to be approved before they are shown here habitats is by manual or removal. Ellipticus ( yellow Himalayan raspberry, Rubus ellipticus ( yellow Himalayan raspberry ( Rubus hawaiiensis ) please consider your... Native to China, Nepal, the Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, and Uredo, although ellipticus... ) and Fe ( 4.249mg/100g ) Punjab to Assam, extending southwards into the Western Ghats and Deccan cattleianum. 0°C, wet places Manoa, Honolulu R. phoenicolasius ) Wales ( Evans et al., 2007, (... To Japanese wineberry ( R. phoenicolasius ) may also exceed 4 m in height in Volcanoes. Available for individual references in the genus Rubus ( family Rosaceae ) Download version., Kala CP, Smith CW, Tunison JT, eds, 1985 register of and! Floor '' ( Weber, 2003 Khadka BB, Shah Sm, 1967 of this species is accepted, the!, little attention is devoted to this species biological Resources Division as determined by editor... Could be used in a Herbarium collection made in 1905 ( US National Herbarium ) Warschauer FR,.... Time a continuous cover on the control of Rosa moschata and Rubus Rosaceae Fish and Service.80!