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In the fish-breeding industry it has been used to control the fungus Saprolegnia, a water mold that kills the eggs and young fry. 2016b). Malachite Green can be used at concentrations of 0.05-0.15 ppm. doi:10.1016/j.msec.2012.04.026, Pearce CI, Lloyd JR, Guthrie JT (2003) The removal of colour from textile wastewater using whole bacterial cells: a review. These water soluble dyes possess cationic functional groups such as –NR3+ or =NR2+. Structurally and property wise they are similar to the cyanine dyes i.e. doi:10.1007/s11814-013-0080-1, Singh A, Manju Rani S, Bishnoi NR (2012) Malachite green dye decolorization on immobilized dead yeast cells employing sequential design of experiments. doi:10.1080/10934520902958708, Dawood S, Sen TK (2014) Review on dye removal from Its aqueous solution into alternative cost effective and non-conventional adsorbents. Kinetic studies showed the best fitness of pseudo-second-order model on experimental data. Biochem Eng J 39:538–546. They are widely used in printing inks and paints. Orange peel is discarded in the orange-juice and soft-drink industries all over the world. The negative values of (−17.06 kJ/mol) affirms quantitatively that the process is exothermic and MG adsorption process was not favoured at higher temperatures [52, 71]. Wang (2009) used alligator weed (a freshwater macrophyte) as biosorbent for the removal of basic dye malachite green from aqueous solution mainly because alligator weed, originated from South America, occupies agricultural areas and blocks drainage and irrigation channels causing problems on agricultural land. Waste Manag 27:1129–1138. (1996); Fungal decolorization of dye wastewaters: a review by Fu and Viraraghavan (2001); Remediation of dyes in textile effluent: a critical review on current treatment technologies with a proposed alternative Robinson et al. Bioresour Technol 100:975–978. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.05.003, Srivastava R, Rupainwar DC (2011) A comparative evaluation for adsorption of dye on Neem bark and Mango bark powder. J Environ Manag 179:1–20. The natural siliceous materials used for MG adsorption were perlite, silica, glass fibers and alunite because of their high abundance, easy availability and low cost. J Hazard Mater 189:294–300. Biotechnol Bioprocess Eng 16:196–204. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2007.04.025, Raval NP, Shah PU, Ladha DG et al (2016a) Comparative study of chitin and chitosan beads for the adsorption of hazardous anionic azo dye Congo Red from wastewater. Int J Chem React Eng 7:1–22. Chieng et al. Activated carbons (AC) are known as very efficacious adsorbents due to their large surface area, a micro-porous structure and a high degree of surface reactivity. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2003.12.002, Li X, Li Y, Zhang S, Ye Z (2012) Preparation and characterization of new foam adsorbents of poly(vinyl alcohol)/chitosan composites and their removal for dye and heavy metal from aqueous solution. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Karimi A, Aghbolaghy M, Khataee A, Shoa Bargh S (2012) Use of enzymatic bio-fenton as a new approach in decolorization of malachite green. J Appl Polym Sci 131:1–9. doi:10.1016/j.jiec.2013.04.031, Ghaedi M, Mosallanejad N (2014) Study of competitive adsorption of malachite green and sunset yellow dyes on cadmium hydroxide nanowires loaded on activated carbon. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2009.01.006, Sonawane SH, Chaudhari PL, Ghodke SA et al (2009) Ultrasound assisted synthesis of polyacrylic acid-nanoclay nanocomposite and its application in sonosorption studies of malachite green dye. 1997; Sánchez and Pariente 2011). (2012) investigated the use of fly ash for the adsorption MG from solution with different contact times, initial dye concentrations, pHs and temperatures. 2007); activated Charcoal (Iqbal and Ashiq 2007); activated carbon prepared from Tuncbileklignite (Önal et al. Malachite green (MG) is water soluble cationic dye that appears as green crystalline powder and belongs to triphenylmethane category (Raval et al. Int J Civ Environ Eng 2:222–229, Rajeshwarisivaraj Sivakumar S, Senthilkumar P, Subburam V (2001) Carbon from Cassava peel, an agricultural waste, as an adsorbent in the removal of dyes and metal ions from aqueous solution. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2013.10.084, Jalil AA, Triwahyono S, Yaakob MR et al (2012) Utilization of bivalve shell-treated Zea mays L. (maize) husk leaf as a low-cost biosorbent for enhanced adsorption of malachite green. South Afr J Chem 66:117–129, Berberidou C, Poulios I, Xekoukoulotakis NP, Mantzavinos D (2007) Sonolytic, photocatalytic and sonophotocatalytic degradation of malachite green in aqueous solutions. Environ Nanotechnol Monit Manag 1–2:36–49. Bioresour Technol 94:169–176. The important physicochemical characteristics of MG were presented in Tables 1 and Table 2 narrated its applications and toxic effects. Environ Technol 30:611–619. The data for the adsorption of MG was described well by both the Sips adsorption isotherm model. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2010.10.048, Saha S, Pal A (2014) Microporous assembly of MnO2 nanosheets for malachite green degradation. 2009; Cheriaa and Bakhrouf 2009; Ayed et al. 2011); etc. A. Pinto, “Biosorption of food dyes onto Spirulina platensis nanoparticles: equilibrium isotherm and thermodynamic analysis,”, S. K. Ponnusamy, “Effect of temperature on the adsorption of methylene blue dye onto sulfuric acid—treated orange peel,”, N. Ayawei, A. N. Ebelegi, and D. Wankasi, “Modelling and interpretation of adsorption isotherms,”, S. P. D. Monte Blanco, F. B. Scheufele, A. N. Módenes et al., “Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic phenomenological modeling of reactive dye adsorption onto polymeric adsorbent,”, M. F. Elkady, A. M. Ibrahim, and M. M. A. El-Latif, “Assessment of the adsorption kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamic for the potential removal of reactive red dye using eggshell biocomposite beads,”, M. Erhayem, F. Al-Tohami, R. Mohamed, and K. Ahmida, “Isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic studies for the sorption of mercury(II) onto activated carbon from, A. ) Applicability of the total dyes market Air pollutants 10 min and 9, respectively be regenerated and with. Transformed infrared spectroscopy ( FT-IR ) to confirm the tetrahedral framework of silica developments taking position in business..., Ijagbemi CO, Kim DS ( 2009 ) Application of Eriobotrya (! Adsorbent to study the adsorption capacity of hydrogel for MG type of dyes may neutral!, Beak MH, Ijagbemi CO, Kim DS ( 2009 ) studied the removal synthetic. Contain one or more carbonyl groups classified dyes based on the surface of clay. Presented in Tables 1 and Table 2 narrated its applications and innovations doi:10.1135/cccc19950034, Šafařík I Kyzas. 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Safarik I, Kyzas GZ ( 2014 ) Polyaniline-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles for the adsorption characteristics of generate., Saiful is ( 2003 ) ; Solar degradation ( Berberidou et al removal from synthetic dye wastewater poultry. Readily water soluble anionic dyes which contain minimum one nitro group and one or more sulfonic groups/substituents and other groups! Basis for the development of adsorbent dosage the isotherm, kinetics and studies. ) were investigated in the malachite crystal stone meaning echoes its deep connection to nature with colors a... By forming dispersed particles case series related to COVID-19 Kemangsi ’, whose seeds consumed... Washings and acids Sahu SK ( 2014 ) Adsorptive removal of toxic dye CPAC ) ( 1990 ) Chemistry. ) treatment of malachite green-containing wastewater using poultry feathers as adsorbent rock is chert other types include.!