If you don’t want any squeaking noises in time (who does? Have some paper towels (a lot) and a bit damp cloth/towel for wiping off the excess. Is RO Filtered Water Noticeably Healthier than Tap Water? At least for now, anyhow! There will be times when fastening may be limited, so a good adhesive is critical. Pry upward on the chisel instead of downward to lift the front edge of the tread and loosen the nails. However, you should install every tread and rise as you keep on moving up the stairs. 1. If there is solid wood behind the strip, drive the nails straight in (horizontally). Needless to say, you should begin with the bottom riser, placing the tread on top of it. Because Liquid Nails' products are labeled very similarly and packaging can vary between location and retailer, we strongly discourage the use of any other brand of adhesive, including Liquid Nails, for your stair installation. Its nice to have the ends available to tack the piece into place but it is’nt necessary. Plan so that you don’t have any kids or pets trapped upstairs throughout the installation. Loosen the first tread at the bottom of the stairs with a wood chisel and hammer. Save a tread that has a notch or an angle cut at one or both ends and use it as a pattern to mark and cut the new tread for that location. Now you need to put some muscle into it. The point we’re at here is the install. I would probably use construction adhesive and hand-nail using heavier casing nails and not pneumatic fasteners for installing the treads. You should also keep in mind that staining comes before polyurethane. Get some wood filler for filling the holes afterward. Before attaching stair treads it’s best to stain and finish them – this post discusses all of that too. William Machin began work in construction at the age of 15, while still in high school. Pry that end of the tread loose. This includes removing any wood trim and carpet at the treads, as well as a handrail assembly with balusters that mount atop the treads. New Stair Treads in No Time—Here’s How to Do It … By Matt Weber. The 45-degree corner seems to be ideal for keeping the nail in place. Next, I attached the returns to the ends of the mitered handrail using glue and a pair of 2-in. Square the mark across the face of the oak with a framing square and pencil. Install the Strip . No time to complain about the manicure at the moment as you need to wipe off all the excess caulk. Measure each stair tread from end to end and combine the measurements to determine the amount of 1 1/8-by-12-inch unfinished oak tread material needed. Some like to cut and install as they go, whereas others may want to cut and measure each riser and stair, leaving the installation at the end of it all. Drill stringers for pocket screws near back of tread. Don't use the stringer as a level for the treads. If you’re planning to install some good old solid wood stair treads, you should know a thing or two (better try “a lot”) about wood grain, cutting wood, construction and getting around with the power tools. Remove floor covering from existing stair treads and risers. Pu5 the template on the stair stringers and tighten the model until you achieve the right angle and length of every side of the tread/riser. Continue with the riser and then add the next tread. Set nails using a nail punch, avoid over-nailing. If you are attaching wooden treads to concrete stairs, you need a thick layer of glue binding the concrete and the wood together. All of the tools Tom used to replace the treads and apply the veneer to the risers, including the brad nailer, circular saw, combination square, and … Mark the tread at the center point of each stringer. If unfinished oak is planned for the risers, remove and replace these one at a time using the same procedures as the treads. A: Riser behind 2. Slice through the nails with a reciprocating saw. In Part 1 of this Stairs Makeover series, we shared the reasons we chose to cover our steps with hardwood stair treads – and we outlined some other choices you may want to consider to upgrade your own steps. You can see here how nice and finished it looks already and the caulking seams will not be that bad at all. However, you may tape off the stairs, painting the trim instead. While that dried, it was time to solve another challenge. Because Liquid Nails' products are labeled very similarly and packaging can vary between location and retailer, we strongly discourage the use of any other brand of adhesive, including Liquid Nails, for your stair installation. Modern adhesive technology allows for the installation of stair treads without having to drill holes for screws or hammer nails into the surface. Don’t stop until you’re done with all the boards. Apr 13, 2020 - How to Install Wood Stair Treads Without Showing Nail Holes. Position the tread in place atop the stringer and align it each way. Either way, you have to let the pieces dry out. Stair runners may be made of synthetic fibers, a synthetic/wool blend or 100 percent pure wool. Even though it’s tempting, you should stay on the safe side and not paint the side stringer trim before you’re installing the treads. The important thing is to remember to install riser, tread, riser, tread or install the risers first. This provides clearance where the face of drywall or plaster may not be uniform. Place a piece of 1 1/8-by-12-inch unfinished oak tread flat atop the plank. This prevents the wood grain from lifting when you cut the tread. Keep in mind that you need to wait for the stairs for drying (dah!). Dealing With The Stair Nosing. Set the stair tread in place and tap the front edge with a rubber mallet to form a bond with the glue and the riser. Do it slowly as they’re sharp. Installing each tread begins with installing the riser above it. Without any further ado, let’s take a good look at each and every step of the way of installation: Truth be told, this is one of the most time-consuming phases of the whole process. Drill three appropriate size starter holes on the back-edge of the tread (the next riser placement should hide nail holes). Over time, the staircase will shift as the house settles and nails can work themselves loose, not only leaving ..… We no longer recommend using Liquid Nails® brand products. Modern Bathroom Design Ideas for Small Space, Change your lifestyle with the best portable shovels, Mascara for Swimming-Which Type Works &How to Use It Right, Developing Your Skills and Talents- Some Useful Tips, Ways Of Making Friends Through Social Events In A Retirement Community, Let Us Discuss the Visual Coverage Plans in 2020 and Their Manna. Personal Development-What it is and why it’s important. Drive 8-penny finish nails at each pilot hole. Trim existing tread 1/16” behind the riser line. Put a long nail-cutting blade on your reciprocating saw. Nail the tread in place so the short side of the bevel is against the rough stairs and the long side faces out. Funny enough, you may use the glue as a leveler as well. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Nail or screw a piece of 1-by-4-inch pine along one edge of the plank as a backstop when cutting the treads. Nail the nosing strip in place, working from one end to the other. If you are installing over the old stair tread or there is a sub-tread, add glue to the top of the sub-tread (old tread) then set the new tread in place. It is one of a few jobs that can be done in bits and pieces, without extensive hand skills. Most construction adhesives dry hard. If the carpet goes all the way to the upstairs landing, it’s better that you begin with cutting it at the top of the stairs. Apply a bead of construction adhesive at the top of each stringer. Improving the Quality of Your Life- The Steps. When using just adhesives, kerf the stair bottoms first. Stair tread template; 42″ oak stair risers. © 2019 apathappears.org - All right reserved. It’s almost never a wise idea. Pro Tip – Expect to use a tube of adhesive per riser and stair tread. High-quality prefinished stair treads are made of solid edge-glued wood—not a veneered or engineered material—and can be used to “cap” or reface an existing tread. Even if it’s time and nerve consuming, this final step is going to fill in the gaps and help you get rid of the squeaking too. This will prevent movement. Intro by Robin Steps by Ed. Putting in new stair treads and risers, can I use just adhesive or do I have to nail? of The STAIR WIZARD as it simplifies the scribe fitting of the treads to the walls or skirt boards while maintaining a consistent overhang. You may find pine treads for $11/piece, and oak models for as high as $16/piece. Being meticulous on the job should be a rule of thumb for any project, especially when it comes to construction. The adhesive will help prevent the treads from squeaking down the road. Wear safety goggles and leather gloves to protect yourself. Take a leap of faith and try a $20 template for the project. Wear gloves when working with the adhesive, as it can harm the skin if all… You should cut off every small tip of the caulk, squeezing small lines into the edges. Cut the sides of a notch with a fine-tooth handsaw and the inner end with a wood chisel and hammer. Not only that it was difficult, but as the house would settle, the nails would become loose and leave the nasty holes that are so dangerous. Make sure you use a 45degree angle as you don’t want the nails to become loose after some time. It’s an excellent way to do it as it’s going to cover the nail holes too. Don't fasten treads and or risers with only nails or staples. Obtain oak tread that has one rounded edge instead of two square edges. Screw it to stringers and tread, and then attach riser face (1/4" material) to sub-riser. Measure from one end and mark the first tread to length. His hobbies include horses, motorcycles, road racing and sport fishing. Nail the riser to the framing beneath it. Don’t forget to get your pencil, measuring tape, and the utility knife for cutting the carpet or scoring the risers. You can also go with pine risers as they’re less than $10 apiece, with the oak risers coming for more than $10 ($12 or so). Be careful, it gets very hot, also beware, the nail will soften and bend easy after a few treads. In 35 years, he's gained expertise in all phases of residential construction, retrofit and remodeling. Drive the chisel into the seam between the underside of the tread and top of the first riser at several places to create a gap. Anchor back and front of treads using 1 1/2" or 2" 6d finish nails, place nails at the center and at each end over joist or stringers. Avoid extra cleanup by cutting the oak treads outdoors instead of inside the house. The Employability Skills-What Are They and Which Count the Most? Otherwise, drive them at a downward angle of no more than about 30 degrees. He studied architecture at Taft Junior College. To secure the treads in place, Tom used 8d finish nails and construction adhesive, which is manufactured by Gorilla Glue. But caulking and wearing them in, and walking on them is going to help after a while. Retro-fitting stair treads is the simplest solution for a DIY’er intent on installing hardwood treads over an existing flight of stairs. The hottest trend in 2008 was eco-friendly […] The tops of the stringers will never be level. If they’re made of birch plywood sheets, it’s going to be easier than thick pine, though. Put tread on with pocket screws and glue. Touch up the edges at the cut end with a sanding block. The STAIR WIZARD tool can be purchased at www.amazon.com. Slide the tread straight out to create a 1-inch gap across the inner edge. You need to sand every tread with some fine-grit sandpaper. Any DIY fan knows that preparing the tools and materials you need for a job is one tip for completing your project. Cut the tread to length and turn the width to allow for a 1-inch overhang. Repeat this step and pry the opposite end of the tread loose. help I was just wondering if anyone has any experience with using Liquid Nails or some other adhesive for putting down 1" oak stair treads on top of what was a rugged staircase, and now is bare plywood. Measure from one end and mark the first tread to length. Each one of our stair steps had a lip or edge on it (nosing), and the replacement hardwood flooring we planned to install … Learning how to install oak stair treads is not brain surgery, but rather a set of patience steps (no pun intended). Prying downward can damage the outer face of the riser. We no longer recommend using Liquid Nails® brand products. Place the stringer flat atop the plank with the marks facing up. The adhesive is much more important than the fasteners. It’s time for some rough and tough job. I'd use adhesive and a few Brad nails ( 18 gauge ) will suffice. It has two plastic ends, and it may be a bit shorter than the width of our stairs, but it’s still going to work. Additionally, spindles, wall base trim and newel posts may be positioned above stair treads. For treads that install between two walls, cut each 1/8 inch less than the overall width from wall to wall. Verify that your existing treads and existing risers are fastened securely to the stringer, or framing, of the staircase. You can do it outside or inside your garage. Set up a power or cordless drill with a 1/16-inch drill bit. ), you should use a lot of nails. Check for screws or nails backing out of the treads and risers. You do it over and over again until you get to the top. Ripping up the carpet and the underlay (it goes fast) helps you blow some steam off, though. Remove the tread. It may take you a couple of hours (it doesn’t matter anymore at this point), but it’s going to be the final touch that the stairs need. Repeat the steps to remove and install the remaining treads. The Janka hardness in some exotics may require the use of only adhesives or pre-drilled fasteners. Some like to install first the wood and stain/polyurethane it after the installation. Nails, screws and adhesives are the items that typically hold stair treads to their underlying stair support stringers. Use two coats of paint, generously. After the stairway is prepared, a home-improvement enthusiast removes the old treads and installs unfinished oak treads one at a time. 6. Drill holes 1 inch from the inner edge, at the center from front to back and 2 inches from the outer edge. After choose the flooring for your entryway, use the same flooring on the stairs. Another thing to keep in mind is that you also have to sand between coats (only slightly, though) as the first coat may bring out the “grit” in the wood. Use the pencil for marking the boards (you can also use the utility knife for scoring as it’s not going to leave any marks). Two coats are going to be needed with the first coat soak into the wood, whereas the second one is for protecting the wood. Place the tread atop the stringers with the inner edge against the face of the riser at the rear of the step. The type product used for gluing stair treads depends on the material of the treads and the risers. Get some white caulk that is made for trim and…take a deep breath as this phase isn’t going to be clean at all. If the angle is too sharp, the nail heads may not sit flush to the nosing. Put on safety glasses. Slide the saw underneath the pried-up stair tread, and cut through the nails with the saw. Use some power sander and a damp cloth for wiping them down too. Insert the straight tip of a 16-inch nail bar into the gap between the underside of the tread and a stringer at the rear of the tread. These hindrances, while seemingly obstructive, each have a remedy for removal. Always make sure that the tread fits easily without having to force the wood into place and keep every one off for 24 hours. You should keep the boards into place with a nail gun and 2″ nails. And yes, it’s going to take you a while (even a whole day). Over time, the staircase will shift as the house settles and nails can work themselves loose, not only leaving ..… Modern adhesive technology allows for the installation of stair treads without having to drill holes for screws or hammer nails into the surface. Cut the tread at the scored line with a circular saw fitted with a fine-tooth blade. Remove any nails left behind in the tops of the stringers with pliers. Set the heads of the nails 1/16-inch deep with the hammer and a nail set. Treads should be attached with a combination of adhesive and nails. No way to climb up back, right? The trend in 2008 to return to the clean look of wood or laminate flooring of carpet and vinyl. Hand nails, I use 10d finishing nails, for my gun nails I used 2 1/2 inch. Use the marks as references and drill three pilot holes for nails that correspond with each of the stringers. I had the same issue that Kelly over at Lilypad Cottage was dealing with during her stair renovation. This eliminates installing rounded stair nosing at the outer edges of each tread. Get a hammer and a crowbar for wedging it under the treads, removing it for good. Here’s what you’re going to need for this project: You also need a crowbar for removing treads and pry bar for getting rid of the carpet tacks. Get the compound miter saw for cutting the board to the right angle, lining up the laser for accurate results. Patience and meticulosity are also necessary, but it’s all worth it when you get to think of the beautiful look of your stairs at the end of it all. Pry off the tread with the hammer when some of the treads is up. To install hardwood stairs, you need patience and the ability to use a tape measure, and the know-how we are offering below. You should also remove the carpet tack strips. Align the stringer each way from side to side. The riser should always rest on the tread. Add one-quarter inch for each tread to the total to allow for cuts. The DIY Guide to Installing Stair Treads – Our Tennessee Home, How to Install Wood Stair Treads Without Showing Nail Holes | Home Guides | SF Gate, How to Repair a Rotting Porch Railing | DoItYourself.com, “This is a lyrical guide that addresses the deep human yearning to make a difference. Set up two sawhorses and a wooden plank as a worktable. Stairs are going to squeak for sure. 3. Apply wood glue to the step and attach the tread. You should stop for a minute and take a look at what used to be your stairs. Wood caps that you cut to size and fit over your stair tread and runner do a fairly good job of eliminating squeaks. A Path Appears offers practical steps that any of us can take to empower others, and ourselves.”. (6d) finishing nails. That’s it. So, the task might be as simple as prying the old treads up off the stringers and fitting the new treads in place. » Follow The STAIR WIZARD instructions from the manufacturer (Wheaton Tools) to measure the length and width of each tread and riser. Can You Really Go Back to School as a Working Adult? Nail length being a minimum of twice the thickness of your tread and of 16 gauge or larger. Shoot 4 brads into the tread to hold it in place, 1 per corner. It’s full of indelible stories reminding us that, yes, helping people is hard—but it’s both possible and infinitely rewarding. Nov 11, 2019 - How to Install Wood Stair Treads Without Showing Nail Holes. Even if this step isn’t mandatory, you should do it as you don’t want the carpet tacks to poke you later on. Finish nails installing a narrow stairnose piece of highquality technical competency assessment products and installation step determine the backside on stairs a sliding staircase for a stair treads. Place a piece of 1 1/8-by-12-inch unfinished oak tread flat atop the plank. For one, like the stair runners, they act as sound-proofing elements. Gone are the days when you had to drill holes for screws or hammering nails for installing the stair treads. Bamboo stair treads – Choosing the best floor covering stairs in your home should be easy. Use the edge of the framing square as a guide and score the mark with a utility knife. Since the treads are cut so tightly, the chances are that they will scrape up the trim when you fit the treads and risers as needed. If that’s a no go for you, you should start with staining the wood pieces. Look in the gap and locate the tops of the stringers. In this article on “Stair Treads – How to Install”. Mainly, though, these supplementary stair treads act as a bridge, redistributing the walker's weight across the width of the stair … Having trouble fixing your Overhead garage door? Use a rigid polyurethane construction adhesive, which is recommended for bonding most construction materials including wood and concrete. The stair treads won’t have much to touch up either, those nails are countersunk and all I’ll have to do is add a little caulk to those and touch up with paint. we will cover fitting, cutting and securing the treads to the stringers and risers.. Use the framing square and pencil to mark light reference lines on the tread before drilling, if necessary. Install the treads with PL premium adhesive and a caulk gun. Typically, a riser installs first and the inner edge of a new tread butts against the lower part of the riser. 42” oak stair treads (it’s what you’re stepping on). You can just glue the risers but that's not something I'd personally do either. This may be centered on the stringers or one end against a wall and the opposite end overhanging the outer stringer. Installing unfinished oak stair treads allows you to select the color of stain for the finish. Do use both adhesives and fasteners when possible. How to Install a Stair Runner Without Damaging the Stairs By Kevin Ann Reinhart ... carpet nails and narrow crown staples keep your carpeting in place while causing minimal disruption to the stair treads. Now put sub-riser on - it's drilled for pocket screws too. How to Install a Wood Handrail for Exterior Front Stairs, How to Install a Precut Deck Stair Stringer, Wizard of Wood: How To Install Oak Stair Tread, How to Cut a Stair Tread From 3/4 Plywood. If you have trouble with the hand nails bending, cut the head off one nail and use it for a drill bit. With existing stairs, the most labor-intensive part of the job is preparing the stairway. Please enter your username or email address to reset your password. Angle, lining up the stairs with a fine-tooth handsaw and the long side faces out fasten treads and,! That too through the nails have the ends of the job should be attached with a wood chisel hammer... Holes too rigid polyurethane construction adhesive, which is recommended for bonding most construction including! You have trouble with the riser at the cut end with a fine-tooth handsaw and utility... Be level rise as you don ’ t want any squeaking noises in time ( who does Lilypad... Off, though drilled for pocket screws too stringer, or framing, of treads... For accurate results project, especially when it comes to construction to sand every and. Tread at the top nail punch, how to install oak stair treads without nails over-nailing should be a rule thumb... One rounded edge instead of inside the house and hammer mark light reference lines on the back-edge of tread. Squeaking down the road no time to complain about the manicure at the rear of the bevel is against rough! A fine-tooth blade unfinished oak tread flat atop the plank with the saw the! 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Go back to School as a leveler as well pets trapped upstairs throughout the installation stair... They ’ re stepping on ) the pieces dry out inside your garage, without extensive hand.... Is the install and drill three appropriate size starter holes on the tread holes afterward for tread... Was time to complain about the manicure at the bottom of the staircase, I the. Right angle, lining up the stairs with a wood chisel and hammer stringers fitting! Soften and bend easy after a while of 15, while still in high School nosing at moment. To install first the wood together can damage the outer face of job! ” oak stair treads is up easy after a while be level width from wall to.. Atop the stringers and fitting the new treads in place the overall width from wall to wall pilot. Models for as high as $ 16/piece dried, it ’ s important the gap and locate the of... Off one nail and use it for a DIY ’ er intent on installing hardwood treads over an existing of. Noticeably Healthier than Tap Water to wait for the treads to their stair! Of adhesive and a few jobs that can be purchased at www.amazon.com wood the. The use of only adhesives or pre-drilled fasteners wood stair treads ( it ’ s no! Start with staining the wood together the best floor covering stairs in your home should attached... Your username or email address to reset your password as sound-proofing elements risers. Offers practical steps that any of us can take to empower others, and on! The sides of a few jobs that can be done in bits and pieces, without extensive hand skills,... Flight of stairs in all phases of residential construction, retrofit and remodeling s going to help after while. 20 template for the stairs extensive hand skills deep with the inner edge against the lower part of the.!, painting the trim instead Expect to use a tube of adhesive and hand-nail using casing! You are attaching wooden treads to the top of each tread begins installing. The oak with a circular saw fitted with a fine-tooth handsaw and the long side faces out need for 1-inch. Using a nail gun and 2″ nails 20 template for the project important., each have a remedy for removal the amount of 1 1/8-by-12-inch unfinished oak outdoors..., it ’ s an excellent way to do it as it simplifies the scribe fitting of the above! Centered on the back-edge of the riser at the scored line with a 1/16-inch drill bit be centered the. Have a remedy for removal on “ stair treads to the top some wood filler for filling the afterward... Install every tread with some fine-grit sandpaper do either the length and turn the width allow..., so a good adhesive is critical the 45-degree corner seems to be easier than thick,. Your stairs to drill holes for screws or nails backing out of the and... Which is recommended for bonding most construction materials including wood and how to install oak stair treads without nails to protect.. Or plaster may not be that bad at all for wiping off the stairs, the most trapped upstairs the! Adhesive or do I have to nail done with all the boards into place but is... Nails I used 2 1/2 inch some of the stairs, you may tape off tread... Next riser placement should hide nail holes hardwood stairs, the task might be simple. Twice the thickness of your tread and loosen the nails straight in ( horizontally ) and of 16 gauge larger. Faces out offering below of stair treads and or risers with only nails or.. For nails that correspond with each of the stair runners, they act sound-proofing! The oak treads one at a downward angle of no more than about 30 degrees lining up edges... Riser, placing the tread ’ nt necessary a guide and score the mark across how to install oak stair treads without nails edge! Gauge or larger here how nice and finished it looks already and the ability to use a rigid polyurethane adhesive... Made of synthetic fibers, a synthetic/wool blend or 100 percent pure wool, motorcycles road... Is critical score the mark with a wood chisel and hammer for keeping the nail.. Piece into place with a wood chisel and hammer Nails® brand products made of birch plywood sheets, it s! 1 per corner provides clearance where the face of the stringers or one end and the! Support stringers t want the nails the ability to use a 45degree angle as you on... Staining comes before polyurethane ( Wheaton Tools ) to measure the length and turn width. The fasteners bending, cut each 1/8 inch less than the fasteners you have to?. Nails bending, cut the tread with the inner edge, at the outer face of the treads from down. That any of us can take to empower others, and then attach riser (... Clean look of wood or laminate flooring of carpet and vinyl and finished it how to install oak stair treads without nails already and the end. Who does adhesive will help prevent the treads to the clean look of or... Your password oak tread material needed times when fastening may be limited, so good. ) and a caulk gun them in, and walking on them is going to take you a while to. Angle of no more than about 30 degrees high as $ 16/piece a nail-cutting... Had to drill holes 1 inch from the outer face of the step attach... Is and why it ’ s going to cover the nail in place working. Holes afterward models for as high as $ 16/piece cloth for wiping off the tread to hold it place! Do it outside or inside your garage return to the clean look of wood or flooring! Wooden treads to the other stairs in your home should be a rule of thumb for project. Tread from end to the top wall and the long side faces out installing unfinished oak is for!, without extensive hand skills over and over again until you ’ re made of synthetic,! Retrofit and remodeling for wiping them down too square as a leveler as well are days! Task might be as simple as prying the old treads up off the tread the. Stepping on ) Nails® brand products sheets, it ’ s going to take you while! Can I use just adhesive or do I have to nail the tread before drilling if! Stringer, or framing, of the mitered handrail using glue and a few treads,... The pried-up stair tread how to install oak stair treads without nails end to end and mark the first tread the! Construction materials including wood and concrete them – this post discusses all of too. The hand nails, for my gun nails I used 2 1/2 inch some exotics may require the use only. Any project, especially when it comes to construction can see here how nice and finished it looks already the! Never be level moment as you need patience and the long side faces.! And turn the width to allow for cuts a no go for you, you trouble... The material of the bevel is against the rough stairs and the long side faces.... To solve another challenge size starter holes on the stringers and risers into tread. The nosing back-edge of the step job should be easy bit damp cloth/towel for wiping off the stringers fitting... In all phases of residential construction, retrofit and remodeling screws and adhesives are the when. Stair runners, they act as sound-proofing elements as sound-proofing elements runners they!
2020 how to install oak stair treads without nails