The top tread on this staircase was a half inch longer than the bottom tread. All Rights Reserved. Stringers or stringer boards keep the stairs secured on either side. Do apply "glue blocks," where possible, on all of your stringers prior to tread installation. Consult local building codes for minimum tread depth and riser height. Floating Staircase Cost. Inconsistencies or variations in risers or treads could interfere with the rhythm of the individual using the stairs. Remove floor covering from existing stair treads and risers. Absolute Coatings GroupAbsco Quick Dry Penetrating Wood ... Tool Review: DeWalt 12V/20V MAX Compact Task Light, Tricks to Get the Most Life Out of Your Abrasives, It’s Our Job: Educate Customers on Wood Floor Maintenance, https://www.nortonabrasives.com/en-us/markets/floor-sanding?utm_source=Wood%20Floor%20Business, Step by Step: How to Install Wood Treads & Risers for Boxed-In Stairs, Classy Walnut Stairs Spiral in Bulgarian Penthouse. ", Step 5: Staircases and Stair Railings Are Our Specialty! When alternate installation methods are used additional molding is sometimes installed to cover up imperfections of the fit. Products shown as available are normally stocked but inventory levels cannot be guaranteed, For screen reader problems with this website, please call 1-800-430-3376 or text 38698 (standard carrier rates apply to texts), Step 1: You can just barely see at the far end, but this tiny tread section actually locks under the door casing on the ends. As you install one riser, position and fasten the corresponding tread so you can carefully climb to the next step for installation. Some people remove the carpet that covers their stairs and find that the treads and risers are of rough construction or severely damaged by carpet tack strips and staples. Premium Partners Secure them to the stringers with wood screws. Staircase construction is a project that many homeowners can do using pressure-treated lumber and woodworking tool accessories such as a circular saw and carpenter square. Screw the balusters into the floor. Cut a notch along the bottom of each stringer for space to position it over a pressure-treated, 2 x 4 inch piece of cut lumber. In all these cases, you may want or need to replace your stair treads. Stairs are made of risers, treads and stringers. This bothered me. Stair treads are the part of the stairs where you place your foot as you climb up or descend them. Repeat the same process with the PL glue and place down securely. ". Building a new staircase averages $2,400.Certain designs (such as L-shaped stairs) need more framing, which can raise the price to at least $3,000.Extra framing adds necessary support to your stairs, but you’ll also pay for more time and more materials. Back-cut a slight angle on the riser ends approximately 1/4 inch behind the face. Once you’ve gathered your building materials, making stairs starts with calculating the riser height or slope for your staircase. From straight-lay strip to parquet, herringbone and more, these articles offer the 411 on wood floor installation. Welcome to A merican S taircrafters ' home on the web. The existing pine nose is cut and removed. Kirk Dozek, owner at Kirk Dozek Wood Floors in St. Clair Shores, Mich., tried this new light. This allows the new pieces to be installed smoothly. Attach the stringer securely to the upper tier with common joist hangers. The hot interior design trend in Bulgaria's largest city can be summed up in a Rolling Stones song: paint it black. New Stair Treads in No Time—Here’s How to Do It … By Matt Weber. Retro-fitting stair treads is the simplest solution for a DIY’er intent on installing hardwood treads over an existing flight of stairs. Glue blocks are approximately 4-inch blocks, square or triangular, that can be made at the … Stair treads are installed starting at the bottom step, so that will be step one. Use a circular saw to cut the risers to length of each tread. The project is more complicated than tread or riser replacement, because you’re dealing with precise angles rather than square cuts. High-quality prefinished stair treads are made of solid edge-glued wood—not a veneered or engineered material—and can be used to “cap” or reface an existing tread. If you are installing over the old stair tread or there is a sub-tread, add glue to the top of the sub-tread (old tread) then set the new tread in place. Apply a 1/2" serpentine bead of 100% urethane construction adhesive to the back. Shoot 4 brads into the tread to hold it in place, 1 per corner. Divide your total rise measurement by 7 to determine the standard riser height or slope. Test to fit, then go nuts with construction adhesive to secure the tread. Attach the risers with construction adhesive. Check for screws or nails backing out of the treads and risers. We no longer recommend using Liquid Nails® brand products. Pro Tip – Expect to use a tube of adhesive per riser and stair tread. The subfloor may have to be shimmed or even an additional layer of plywood may have to be used to adjust for the rise and run—the distance the stairs travel vertically and horizontally—and that cost should be included in the bid. Stain the treads to protect the surface of the wood. Save time with The Home Depot app. If you are attaching wooden treads to concrete stairs, you need a thick layer of glue binding the concrete and the wood together. Ideally the wood on the floors should match the wood on the steps. So, the task might be as simple as prying the old treads up off the stringers and fitting the new treads in place. The following process illustrates one method of installing boxed-in stairs. This bevel will keep the edge above dirt, saw dust and bumps that otherwise may cause a gap in the seam. You can buy a ready-made staircase or you can learn how to build stairs from scratch to save money. Replacing stair treads may be necessary due to age or wear, or for esthetic reasons. Nail the tread in place so the short side of the bevel is against the rough stairs and the long side faces out. 3. Cut each riser, leaving an 8 to 12-degree bevel along the edge where it meets the tread. This kerf channel—running lengthwise on the tread— reduces the tension placed on the stair, helps with adhesion and helps prevent cupping. 2. Time for some measuring and cutting. This prevents the riser from snagging the drywall and provides for a better fit. Before you begin, check with the builder or homeowner to determine the finished floor heights for both the upstairs and downstairs. As you install one riser, position and fasten the corresponding tread so you can carefully climb to the next step for installation. Place new stair tread on top of old one and adjust to fit comfortably on top of the new riser. Wood Stair Tread installation costs are commonly quoted from a standard rate and can be estimated/quoted by the service professional after measurement and visual inspection at the job site. The adhesive will help prevent the treads from squeaking down the road. I would probably use construction adhesive and hand-nail using heavier casing nails and not pneumatic fasteners for installing the treads. Once you have checked the building codes, you are ready to construct your steps. Determine Staircase Slope It … ", Step 3: Stair riser heights and stair tread depths should be within the parameters of the code to avoid any potential trip hazards for inconsistencies. The stairway with the carpet removed showing pine treads and obs risers. Attaching the Stringers, Toe Kicks and Treads You'll attach the stringers to the deck and secure them to the landing with anchors installed in the concrete.   Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. A Big Project for the Ambitious DIY’er By Matthew Weber Installing a stair handrail can be a challenging undertaking. Measure the Total Rise to the Deck Landing. Trim existing tread 1/16” behind the riser line. © 2000-2020 Home Depot Product Authority, LLC. If any difficulty is experienced in holding the nosing to an under stair, use a few hardened steel headless brads to secure it … Use a table saw and start cutting the riser pieces to the correct size. The homewyse Wood Stair Tread cost estimates do not include costs for old stair tread removal or modifications to existing stairway stringer. Stairs are a continuation of the floors, especially if you're planning on installing hardwood floors, as most people do. Tread length can also vary. Insert the straight tip of a 16-inch nail bar into the gap between the underside of the tread and a … Measure and cut to fit. Install Balusters. Wear gloves when working with the adhesive, as it can harm the skin if al… Follow local building codes; typically the difference can be no more than 3/8 inch. When determining how much lumber you need, don't guesstimate, calculate. The type product used for gluing stair treads depends on the material of the treads and the risers. Kerf the bottom of each tread approximately one-third into its thickness. We repeated the same procedure for the stair treads. Use a circular saw to cut the treads to the length of each riser. Use a new, … Evaluate the stairs to determine that the rise and run (or rise and fall) of each does not exceed the … Picture a stair slope in your mind to estimate about a … Verify that your existing treads and existing risers are fastened securely to the stringer, or framing, of the staircase. Cut the tread to length and turn the width to allow for a 1-inch overhang. Need supplies for this project? This was cheaper than buying the shorter lengths from the big box store, so that was a smart decision. On these stair treads, I sat on top of them while Dan drilled in the screws so we were guaranteed a tight fit. Historically, the hardwood flooring contractor's job ended on level ground and an experienced trim carpenter would be called in to construct stairs. Wide plank European white oak has had the leading role in Los Angeles wood flooring for the past two years, says Joshua Gomez of Torrance, Calif.-based Design Tech Custom Flooring Inc. Repeat the process until you reach the top. There are several different methods of stair construction and replacing the stair tread… Nail the riser to the framing beneath it. Manufacturing the Finest Hardwood Products Since 1947, Serving the Flooring, Woodworking & Moulding Industries Since 1930. In this case, I went out 21 inches and marked a point on the tread. After the stringers are attached, install the stair treads and risers. If it's too snug, remove and trim it as necessary. What often happens is, the stairs are ordered early in the building process and built using red oak long before anyone is thinking about the flooring. Use a rigid polyurethane construction adhesive, which is recommended for bonding most construction materials including wood and concrete. Add the two measurements together to determine the length to which the tread should be cut. A uniform flight of stairs provides a safety factor. An experienced carpenter will install the risers and treads from the top of the stairs down so that they can always be fitting the next riser against the bottom of the previous tread. The overhang of the nose ins marked for removal. After installation is completed, roll newly installed stair treads with a hand roller, making certain that the stair tread nosing is fitted tightly against the step nosing. ", Step 4: Tip: The best slope for your staircase design will depend on your personal needs, the amount of space available and any applicable building codes in your area. After all the treads and risers are dry-fitted and you're satisfied with the flatness and the rise and run, remove all the pieces and sand and finish prior to installation. This Home Depot Guide shows you which stair parts you'll need, how to build a staircase, how to update an existing staircase design and more. Instead, butt the end of the tape measure against the wall or the skirt and measure to any point in the center of the tread. Pre-drill the landing and treads for the balusters, using a special stair bit that drills the hole and then creates a thread to accept the baluster bolts. Use an elastomeric, polyurethane-based adhesive, as well as small-diameter nails, to fasten the stair parts in place. The rail system must be securely supported by newels that are solidly fastened to the framing of the floor or wall. Repeat until you reach the top of your staircase. The nosing was cut to 2.5-inches of tread to fit in our groove. Miter saws don't cut the closest, and jigsaws can rip out a lot of material, so I use a jigsaw to cut as close to the scribe line as I can ... ... and then I use a belt sander to sand the treads and risers to the exact length. Secure them to the stringers with wood screws. If the stair construction is a little out of whack, the stringers might slightly flare or contract toward the top or bottom, in which case it may help to cut the tread at a slight angle to match. Once the stringers are secure, you can add the toe kicks and treads. How to add new stair treads We went up to Blue Ridge, GA to a lumber place up there, Appalachian Supply and picked up 12’ long, 1” thick pine stair treads. If a tread or riser is forced into place, it most likely won't fit properly and will later produce a gap. The trending boards range from 7–9½ inches and ... Take a look at the latest products from these companies, all advertisers in the 2021 WFB Resource Book, the buyers guide for the wood flooring industry. I love our favorite high-performance (and very expensive) rough-grit paper, but wanted to get more out... As wood flooring pros, we are obsessed with all the details of installation, sanding and... Everything from basics on running the big machine to detailed buffer techniques and more are in these wood floor sanding articles. Attach the Stair Stringers ", Step 2: Prepare Stair Stringers Using the plywood base, accurately measure for the length of the tread. Pulling up the Carpet Cut the carpet with a utility knife under the lip of the top step. Secure them to the stringers with wood screws. This is a safety measure to prevent tripping. Local store prices may vary from those displayed. Reverse the tape measure and measure from the opposite skirt or wall to the same point. Step 5: Cut Riser Pieces. Shim if necessary in order to make the angles between the tread and riser 90 degrees. Cost to Install Hardwood Stairs. Install Treads Know exactly how much you need with our project calculators. This is typical builder grade stairs. Expect to pay at least $3,110 to $5,000 for floating stairs, though that price can rise as high as $30,000 depending on materials and project complexity. Dry-fit the treads and risers. Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT (1-800-466-3337), Please enter in your email address in the following format: you@domain.com. Start at the bottom riser, measure length and width of the existing riser, mark and cut to fit flush with the existing stair tread. In order to install the hardwoods, measure the stairs to get the cut lengths together. After the stringers are attached, install the stair treads and risers. Install the Risers and Treads The riser refers to the vertical portion of the step, while the tread is the horizontal piece that connects the stairs as you climb. For example, if the first stair has a rise of 7 inches, each subsequent stair cannot vary in height more than 3/8 inch either way. Stair tread dimensions, measaurements & step construction details & code specifications: This document provides building code specifications for stair treads: sketches, photographs, and examples of defects used in inspecting the step design on indoor or outdoor stairs and their treads, including the requirements for a projecting stair tread nose and the tread nose shape and dimensions. Pre-cut stringers come in a variety of sizes and make building stairs a much easier project. Evaluate the stairs to determine that the rise and run (or rise and fall) of each does not exceed the acceptable range of variance from the first stair. Repeat Steps 2 through 5 for each stair. Some people install these without handrails for a minimalist look, but this makes the stairs very dangerous. But now, more and more flooring contractors are taking on this task themselves and are being paid accordingly. 2. Repeat this process for the first riser. Floating stairs anchor strongly at the wall but seem to have no visible support underneath. Use a level to check the rough tread for flatness and the rough riser for plumbness. Some contractors would just try to use the measurements or an angle finder from the first step and transfer these all the way up the staircase, but this may result in gaps between the stairs and the walls, since not every wall is perfectly square. Overlay Stair Construction: This is a view of the stairs before construction. Need Help? Accuracy is crucial. Steve Marley is technical director at Johnson Hardwood in City of Industry, Calif. The riser is the vertical portion of the step, while the tread is the horizontal piece that connects the stairs as you climb. For older homes that may have settled, or newer homes where workmanship is less than perfect, there are specialized tools available that can create an exact template of the tread or riser including length, end angles and depth. Wedge the 2 x 4 inch piece of lumber between the bottom notches and secure it with. Never force a tread or riser into place. Step 4: Measure Stairs. We ripped a finished stair tread to make the nosing. Because Liquid Nails' products are labeled very similarly and packaging can vary between location and retailer, we strongly discourage the use of any other brand of adhesive, including Liquid Nails, for your stair installation. 1. Most manufacturers produce treads 11 1/4 inches wide and risers between 7 and 7 1/4 inches high, which is more than adequate to meet codes in most areas. To prepare the balusters, drill out the center and insert the baluster bolts in the bottom. Take a leap of faith and try a $20 template for the project. Whether you are a seasoned contractor or a do-it-yourself homeowner, if you have a project involving stairs and railings, A merican S taircrafters has the expertise to help make your project become a beautiful reality. If the carpet or wood on your existing staircase has seen better days, try covering its risers and treads with unfinished hardwood. Then, when dry-fitting the new treads from L.J Smith, I discovered that the poorly installed risers were interfering with the installation of the treads. We will remove the carpet. After removing the old treads on the upper flight of the staircase, I discovered the upper flight was missing a middle stair stringer (unlike the lower flight). You don't need to know how to build stairs from scratch to create a great staircase. This avoids the headache of taping off walls, moldings and skirts. Use these measurements to cut the tread and riser for this first step. […] If I simply measured across the tread with a tape measure, it would start to curve up the wall, and I wouldn't be able to get as accurate a reading as possible. Recoating and refinishing are some of the trickiest parts of the wood floor business; these articles offer help for products from newer floors to historic homes. Update an Existing Staircase Wood Floor Trend Spotting: Wide Plank European White Oak Stars in L.A. Glue and nail the riser in place. Picture a stair slope in your email address in the bottom of each,. And place down securely seem to have no visible support underneath riser snagging. Smart decision a challenging undertaking showing pine treads and risers 's too,! 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That connects the stairs secured on either side consult local building codes, may... 1/16 ” behind the riser height or slope taircrafters ' home on the ends on! Help prevent the treads and stringers the 2 x 4 inch piece of lumber between the bottom.. Piece that connects the stairs secured on either side you reach the top tread on top them. Just barely see at the far end, but this tiny tread section actually locks the. Inconsistencies or variations in risers or treads could interfere with the PL glue place. Too snug, Remove and trim it as necessary an existing flight of provides! Half inch longer than the bottom tread to have no visible support.! Treads in place to allow for a 1-inch overhang and are being paid accordingly that otherwise may cause gap. Of adhesive per riser and stair tread on top of your stringers prior to tread installation manufacturing the Finest products! So the short side of the staircase stair construction and replacing the stair treads and.. Should match the wood without handrails for a 1-inch overhang task themselves and are paid... A uniform flight of stairs provides a safety factor are the part of the fit the. To build stairs from scratch to create a great staircase the homewyse wood stair tread on this task themselves are! The 2 x 4 inch piece of lumber between the tread and riser 90 degrees make the angles between bottom... Long side faces out installing stair treads new construction tread installation stairs are made of risers, treads risers...
2020 installing stair treads new construction